Part One Instructions-Prewriting: Complete this assignment by utilizing your chosen portfolio topic. As the first part of your Critical Thinking

Part One Instructions-Prewriting: Complete this assignment by utilizing your chosen portfolio topic. As the first part of your Critical Thinking Assignment for this module, open a new Word document and title itPrewriting, Summarizing, and Paraphrasing. Without passing any judgment on your own ideas, generate a list of ideas and/or questions (to research more information about). Put this list of ideas in these heading categories:
  • Background of the Problem
  • Needs (reasons why the budget needs to be decreased but services need to remain the same)
  • Proposed Ideas (how to balance the budget and still keep the same services)
  • Benefits (for the university and its students)
  • Implementation (actions recommended)
  • Recommendation (summary and conclusion).
Note: You should aim to generate 3-5 or more ideas under each of the above headings.
Part Two Instructions-Summarizing: As the second part of your Critical Thinking Assignment for this module, within document titled: Prewriting, Summarizing, and Paraphrasing add “Summary” right after your prewriting/brainstorm. Your task is to summarize at least four paragraphs from the source you cited in the Module 2 Critical Thinking Assignment into no more than two sentences, using no direct quotations. Remember to cite your source using proper APA formatting.

Part Three Instructions-Paraphrasing: As the third part of your Critical Thinking Assignment for this module, open the Word document titled: Prewriting, Summarizing, and Paraphrasing and add this “Paraphrasing” title right after your summarizing. Your task is to paraphrase each individual sentence below and cite each one in proper APA format.

  1. Original – “If you incorrectly assume that all readers or listeners are experts in your field, you will create problems for yourself as well as for your readers” (Gerson & Gerson, 2010, p. 67). Paraphrase and cite.
  2. Original – “So far computers cannot substitute for complex forms of communication because they require the ability to interpret information within a context” (Jerald, 2009, p.58). Paraphrase and cite.
  3. Original – “The fundamental shift has brought a host of challenges not just for today’s managers, who have to ensure that their teams perform across significant distances, but also for the remote worker who has to stay motivated while aiming to meet targets away from the hustle and bustle of an office” (Evans, 2010, p.28). Paraphrase and  cite.
  4. Original – “Our research suggests that a global mind-set, in which people see themselves as part of an international network, helps provide an environment that is conducive to dispersed teams” (Siebdrat, Hoegl, & Ernst 2009, p. 68). Paraphrase and cite.
  5. Original – “Benefits of collaboration include developing critical thinking skills, discussion and consideration of ideas, and social skills development” (Kieser & Golden, 2009, p. 42). Paraphrase and cite.

Criminal penalties as an administrative sanction result only from proceedings in the regular courts, not directly from an administrative order. 2. Question : Enforcement is the last step for an agency to achieve its policy goals.

. Question : Criminal penalties as an administrative sanction result only from proceedings in the regular courts, not directly from an administrative order.

2. Question : Enforcement is the last step for an agency to achieve its policy goals.

3. Question : No options other than formal adjudication exist for administrative enforcement.

4. Question : An agency’s goal through enforcement and threats of enforcement is to gain voluntary compliance.

5. Question : Agencies whose programs involve financial decisions can use economic sanctions to achieve policy aims.

6. Question : Compliance occurs when actions are consistent with legal commands.

7. Question : A central question regarding the scope of judicial review is how much deference courts should give to an agency’s interpretation of its own statutory authority.

8. Question : Administrative fines may only be implemented through court order so are a rarely used administrative sanction.

9. Question : The scope of judicial review includes the premise that courts, like legislatures, make laws and public policy.

10. Question : Judges often seek out controversies to rule upon which have yet been formally entered as a lawsuit.

There are a range of administrative procedures available to public administrators to handle administrative law issues. Administrators may accomplish tasks through informal procedures or they may conduct formal hearings. Statute may determine which procedures must be followed, or it may be up to the administrator’s discretion. In a two to three-page paper, discuss the main points along the continuum of legal formality (for an illustration see Appendix A, page 431 in the text) as well as the advantages and disadvantages of the levels of formality (or informality). Offer examples and cite the text to support your points.

There are a range of administrative procedures available to public administrators to handle administrative law issues. Administrators may accomplish tasks through informal procedures or they may conduct formal hearings. Statute may determine which procedures must be followed, or it may be up to the administrator’s discretion. In a two to three-page paper, discuss the main points along the continuum of legal formality (for an illustration see Appendix A, page 431 in the text) as well as the advantages and disadvantages of the levels of formality (or informality). Offer examples and cite the text to support your points.

Question : Both the federal government and state governments must afford citizens due process of law. 2. Question : Administrative law issues are handled at various levels of formality from informal to formal depending on the issue, the applicable statutes, authority, and intensity of disagreement.

1. Question : Both the federal government and state governments must afford citizens due process of law.

2. Question : Administrative law issues are handled at various levels of formality from informal to formal depending on the issue, the applicable statutes, authority, and intensity of disagreement.

3. Question : Timely and adequate notice to potentially affected parties is necessary for fair administrative hearings.

4. Question : Given that agencies may often choose to follow either the rulemaking or adjudication process, they may at times find it advantageous to achieve their goals by avoiding the formality of a hearing by changing the title of their actions to rulemaking.

5. Question : When an agency adjudicates an issue, legal formalities are usually involved.

6. Question : Informal rulemaking is a rarely used administrative tool.

7. Question : An agency must always follow an administrative law judge’s decision.

8. Question : The Administrative Procedure Act does not address the opportunity to present one’s case in writing.

9. Question : Regulatory negotiation uses private mediators to resolve conflicts between parties after the formal hearing process.

10. Question : There is a current increase in agency use of administrative law judges to conduct formal hearings.

Investigate and report on the rulemaking process for a government agency in your state. To get started, select a state agency (for example, one could look at the website for the Arizona Department of Health Services.

Investigate and report on the rulemaking process for a government agency in your state. To get started, select a state agency (for example, one could look at the website for the Arizona Department of Health Services. You can access agency websites through a simple Google search or through your state government webpage). Then, search rulemaking or rules to find out about their process. As we know from the Federal Register activity in Week 1, publishing information online is an important means through which public agencies inform citizens of their activities. After you find state agency rulemaking information, tell us the agency, program and issue. Then address the following questions: What is the process followed? How much information is provided? Is public participation incorporated into the process? If so, how? Respond to at least two of your classmates’ postings

The issue of bias is an important consideration in administrative agencies and judicial hearings. Discuss whether it is ethical for a judge to have personal ties with someone about whom they will be making a legal decision

The issue of bias is an important consideration in administrative agencies and judicial hearings. Discuss whether it is ethical for a judge to have personal ties with someone about whom they will be making a legal decision. Consider the following questions in your response: Does professionalism offer adequate checks and balances against bias in decision making? Should judges recuse themselves from decisions involving people with whom they have a personal relationship? Since situations often depend on the specific circumstances, are there circumstances in which you think a judge should definitely recuse him or herself? Are there other situations in which you think it may not be necessary? Respond to at least two of your classmates’ postings.

1. Question : The Court’s ruling in the Chevron case established an active role for the Court’s in interpreting statute with the goal of superseding agency interpretation.

1. Question : The Court’s ruling in the Chevron case established an active role for the Court’s in interpreting statute with the goal of superseding agency interpretation.

2. Question : The Freedom of Information Act is the most significant law for expanding access to information about the government.

3. Question : The issues of “takings” and “just compensation” always include clear definitions and straightforward compensation packages to individuals from the government.

4. Question : The Bill of Rights does not contain any relevant information which is applied in administrative law.

5. Question : As long as an administrative investigation is not intended to locate a crime and lead to arrest, the Court has traditionally ruled in favor of the administrative agencies right to inspection for such things as welfare eligibility and inspection.

6. Question : There are nine categories of information exempt from disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act.

7. Question : Civil liberties protections are rarely applied in administrative and regulatory contexts.

8. Question : Laissez faire lawyers could generally be seen as working to convince judges to strike down legislation which interfered with the economic rights of individuals.

9. Question : In Lochner the Court gave public or social interests defined by the state legislature priority over private property or economic interests.

10. Question : The basic rules for administrative investigations have the same constitutional origin as do the more familiar rules governing polices searches and interrogations.

Week 2 DQ 2 Public Access to Information Public access to information and sunshine laws should be considered in all communication by all public servants (whether you are a line staff member or agency director).

Week 2 DQ 2 Public Access to Information

Public access to information and sunshine laws should be considered in all communication by all public servants (whether you are a line staff member or agency director). Technology adds another dimension to what is covered under administrative law in this area. E-mail correspondence can be requested under the freedom of information laws. Should e-mail communication among government officials also have to comply with sunshine laws? According to most sunshine laws, officials cannot meet to discuss public business without notifying the public of the meeting in advance. Consider the following scenario: In the case of Spokane County, Washington, there are only three county commissioners, so any communication between any two of them is automatically a policy-making majority. A reporter for the local paper asked the commissioners to release all of their e-mail over the past two months concerning county business. Assume that you are the attorney general in your state in charge of sunshine law enforcement. Given the political objectives of sunshine laws, how would you advise the public officials to handle their e-mail? Respond to at least two of your classmates’ postings.

There are several constitutional limitations on government agency power in order to protect and preserve individual rights. Let us consider two of these: the freedom to contract and private property rights. Citing the text, respond to the following question: How is the“freedom of contract” limitation on regulatory power under the due process clause both similar and different from the “takings clause” limitation on regulatory power?

There are several constitutional limitations on government agency power in order to protect and preserve individual rights. Let us consider two of these: the freedom to contract and private property rights. Citing the text, respond to the following question: How is the“freedom of contract” limitation on regulatory power under the due process clause both similar and different from the “takings clause” limitation on regulatory power?

PROJ 420 Course Project Objective For this course, you will complete several weekly assignments and compile a course project paper. This paper involves the development of a Risk Management

PROJ 420 Course Project

Objective

For this course, you will complete several weekly assignments and compile a course project paper. This paper involves the development of a Risk Management Plan, commonly called an RMP, throughout the course.

While the weekly assignments are the basis for what you will be doing for the RMP, they are not the RMP itself. Your weekly assignments will assist you in the development of an RMP by completing some of the essential parts of the final paper. These various sections, which will follow your weekly assignments, have been developed according to the Deliverables schedule, below.

Remember: Your weekly assignments are built around the project that you will choose during Week 1.

The assignments for Weeks 1-6 are the basis of your project; the final paper, however, which is due in Week 7, will be built following the template on page 197 in Appendix A within the Practical Project Risk Management: The ATOM Methodology text. In addition, your final paper will focus on the top 20 risks you have identified.

Refer to the Deliverables section below for a comprehensive outline and schedule for your course project. Also See Syllabus/”Due Dates for Assignments & Exams” for due date information.

Deliverables

Week 1: Selecting a Project

During Week 1, you will select a project for your risk management plan course project. The project can be one that you are working on as part of your regular job, a case study you have completed in the past, or a project that you want to plan, either business or personal. You will choose your own project so that you will be very familiar with the project and understand all of its various elements. The project request will be submitted as a graded assignment.

To select your project, submit a description of your project using the Week 1 Course Project Proposal & Outline Template (PROJ420_W1_ProposalAndOutline.docx) in Doc Sharing.

Submit your assignment to the Week 1 Course Project Dropbox located on the silver tab at the top of this page. For instructions on how to use the Dropbox, read theseStep-by-Step Instructions or watch thisDropbox Tutorial. See Syllabus/”Due Dates for Assignments & Exams” for due date information.

You will receive a post in your Dropbox that will indicate approval to proceed.

This submission must be well presented because this is a required assignment that will receive a grade in Gradebook. The project paper is a required item for successful completion of this class. If you do not submit a project selection, you will not be able to proceed with assignments, as each week builds upon the last. We will discuss the various steps in developing the RMP for your project in our weekly threaded discussions. All submissions for a grade will also be evaluated for grammar and spelling.

Week 2: Project Sizing and Stakeholder Analysis

Your course project milestone for Week 2 will be to develop your Project Sizing and Stakeholder Analysis.

To do this, use the Week 2 Course Project Assignment Template (PROJ420_W2_AssignmentTemplate.docx) in Doc Sharing.

Week 3: Project Risk Breakdown Structure

For your third course project milestone, develop a Risk Breakdown Structure.

To do this, use the Week 3 Course Project Assignment Template (PROJ420_W3_AssignmentTemplate.docx) in Doc Sharing.

In order to keep the RBS manageable, identify ten risks from your project to be included in your RBS.

Week 4: Probability-Impact Matrix

This week for your course project milestone, submit a Probability-Impact Matrix for the project you selected based on the top ten risks you identified in your RBS in Week 3.

To do this, use the Week 4 Course Project Assignment Template (PROJ420_W4_PIMatrixTemplate.xlsx) in Doc Sharing.